Working German Shepherds, with bloodlines from the famous Czech Border Patrol Dogs, DDR, Slovak and West German GSD
A Brief History of the Czech Border Patrol German Shepherd and its current day status.
Prior to 1956
The Czech GSD bloodlines have alot of German bloodlines bred into their own native herding dogs. What amount of German influence there was depends on the time during history we are referring to.
In the beginning, shortly after Max von Stephanitz founded the GSD, the Czechs began importing German stock to improve their bloodlines by breeding to their native dogs. Many of the native Czech dogs were very similar to the Southern German herding dogs of that time. Smaller and slighter of build but a bit sharper and harder dogs.
In 1923 the Czechoslovakian Seiger was Klodo vom Boxberg. While few people, who were involved in the serious breeding of German Shepherds had heard of the results, Max von Stephanitz was fully aware. It had been bothering Max that the dogs of Germany were becoming too short and too tall and because of this were loosing their fluid movements. Max studied the results of that show and in 1925 with the German Seiger show about to take place he made a decision. After his decision was made Max (the Rittmeister) took his place in the ring and after several days of judging, made Klodo vom Boxberg the new Seiger of 1925. This dog was to be used to mold the standard for the German Shepherd for generations to come in Europe as well as North America.
By the 1930's the bloodlines in Czechoslovakia had become heavily influenced by the German , the Hungarian and Swiss bred GSD's, with only a limited amount of influence remaining from the native Czech herding dogs. Czech bred German Shepherd dogs did have some influence on the German bred dogs. Some breeders regularly added to their bloodlines by using Czech studs and dams while others continued to use mostly native herding dogs. When the iron curtain went up, it became harder for West German breeders and Eastern Europe breeders to share the bloodlines so easily, even though many times a guard did "look the other way" as dogs were moved across borders.
1955-- The Z Pohranicni Straze
The kennel Z Pohranicni straze (Z PS) was founded in the year 1955 for the single purpose of production and training of dogs that would be solely used for the protection of the Czechoslovakian People's Republic's, and since 1968 Czechoslovakian Socialist Republic's borders. Most of the dogs were acquired from the territory of former East Germany (DDR) and also there were dogs from Czechoslovakia used for breeding; the ones that excelled in their character qualities.
The breeding program, established in 1956, was under the direction of Mr.Jiri Novotny from 1981 to 2001. Mr Novotny also was the director of training during this time. Since the foundation of the breeding program , it was focused mainly on strengthening the good power of bones, dark pigmentation, strong nerves and willingness to work in tracking, obedience and defense work.
There were three breeding facilities with a total of 80 breeding females that made up the "Z Pohranicni straze" kennel. Combined to these 80 females were 30 stud dogs, all of which were on active duty with their handlers. The breeding facilities were located within the Czech Boarder Police compounds in Domazlice, Libejovice and Prackovice. These compounds had a high security status with access to them strictly forbidden to anyone, including Czech Boarder Police, who did not work at the specific facility.
The females were bred and puppies whelped, raised and trained all within these breeding stations by military service conscripts. These stations were staffed by trainers, veterinarians, assistant breeders and kennel help. Once trained the Pohranicni Straze dogs were assigned a handler and patrolled primarily the border with Germany and Austria to prevent Czechoslovakian’s and any others from within the East Block from escaping.
The dogs were trained at the kennels for about 12 months and afterwards relocated to Border Patrol training facilities in their quarters (nowadays they're located in Czech police training facilities).
During the years under the communist regime, the Czechoslovakian boarder patrol and their dogs would apprehend 20 to 30 people on a daily basis. While nine out of ten people would give up when confronted, the dogs were regularly called upon to defend their handlers from those intent on crossing the boarder at what ever cost.
After the fall of the iron curtain the Czech Border Police shared border stations with their German counter parts who maintained a tight control over economical refugees from the former Eastern Block entering Germany. While one might think that the falling of the iron curatin might lessen the vigilence at the borders that would be wrong. The need for the Czech Border Patrol Dogs increased! Those who were not given visa’s to legally enter Germany attempted to cross this same Czech border. While many were crossing to seek a better life in Western Europe and usually did not resist arrest, an increasing number were connected with organized crime and posed a considerable threat.
The "Z Pohranicni straze" German Shepherd Dogs continued to be called upon to respond daily in high risk, threatening situations. The training courses to prepare them were likewise demanding as were the requirements for breeding.
Since 2001, after the retirement of Mr. Jiri Novotny from the Czech Republic Police, the name of the kennel changed and it is no longer z Pohranicni straze. The name was replaced by a new kennel name "od Policie Ceske Republiky". The breeding program of this kennel has changed substantially. The remaining dogs from the original breeding program of this kennel are mainly owned by Jinopo.
Obtaining a z Pohranicni Straze German Shepherd Dog
There were three ways in which quality dogs from his highly desired "Z Pohranicni straze" kennel were available.
I. Studs Fees:
The Z Pohranicni straze kennel bred their females occasionally to dogs owned by civilians. The stud dogs chosen were outstanding working dogs selected for their ability to consistently produce dogs with exceptional working ability. The owner of the stud had the option of being paid or taking a puppy for payment. Most people took the latter option in order to own a "Z Pohranicni staze" dog.
II. Whelping litters:
There were three kennels owned by civilians which the Z Pohranicni straze kennel worked closely, Z Jirkova dvora, Jipo-Me and Z Blatenskeho zamku. These kennels, owned by civilians, were at times given the opportunity to take Pohranicni Straze breeding females and whelp the litters. In return, these private kennels kept half of the litter which bears the kennel name "Z Pohranicni straze".
III. Dog for dog:
There are also times in which Pohranicni Straze Kennel traded dogs with these three kennels as another way to bring desired dogs and bloodlines into the Pohranicni straze breeding program.
Through these three ways civilians had access to Z Pohranicni Straze dogs and the kennel managed to be at the center of breeding in both the former Czechoslovakia and the present day Czech Republic. Many of these dogs have been purchased by Schutzhund competitors in both Western Europe and the United States, often placing high at championship events.
Dogs currently are being bred under the registered kennel names Z JIRKOVA DVORA and JIPO-ME. The blood lines were obtained from former East German dogs and also from old Czech working dogs' blood. The most dogs have their origin in the kennels:
Z Pohranicni straze (z PS), Z Jirkova dvora CS and Z Blatenskeho zamku.
All of the individual dogs used in the breeding program have at least velmi dobry (very good) body conformation, strong bones, good pigmentation and strong health. They are also significant for their high food drive, high working drives and early working maturity. The selection of their stud dogs and females is focused on their trainability, solid nerves and ability to protect their territory. The males and female come from the 6 basic blood lines, or more precisely from their individual branches that proved themselves in the breeding program of former z Pohranicni straze kennel. Today this blood is combined with the blood of significant working German Shepherds from ouside the Czech Republic that have proved themselves in breeding programs and that have the above described breeding features and traits.
The dogs are specially trained for real life situations and most of them are family risen, so that they can be used for PROTECTION OF FAMILY WITH CHILDREN or LAW ENFORCEMENT. All dogs have good social behavior.
The Jinopo Me dogs can be divided into three groups: Family/Property protection dogs Police/Military work dogs Sport dogs
Jinopo stud dogs are widely used by breeders from the whole world . After leaving enough genetical material in the Czech Republic their stud dogs are borrowed or sold to their friendly kennels around the world where they enjoy great popularity. These dogs are distinguished for their strong nerves, substantial bones, dark pigmentation and characteristic will for work.
Jinopo specializes in breeding and training of the working type of German Shepherd. The goal of the entire breeding program is to breed healthy and strong German Shepherds that are able to be used in the Police/Military service or as a family/property protection dogs.
In their breeding program they use the 21 years of Mr. Jiri Novotny's experience acquired by directing the breeding program of the world-renowned Z Pohranicni straze (z PS) kennel coupled with the training experience of Mr. Jiri Pokorny. They are dedicated to the old style GSD as it was originally intended by Max von Stephanitz, the creator of the breed.
The second activity of Jinopo is the research, development and manufacturing of protective aids for helpers and training objects for effective training of dogs. Everyday experience of training dogs that is done by both Jiris for more than 30 yeas already is put into the whole process. They use materials that are pleasant for dogs and that have long durability. Everything is developed in a way so it enables the training of the dogs to be as near to the real life situations as possible.